1. General requirements for the content of articles.
1.1 The journal accepts articles that represent the results of original scientific research, notes, reports, as well as bibliographic reviews and reviews of the latest domestic and foreign research on the problems of natural and anthropogenic changes in ecosystems, fundamental and applied aspects of ecology and assessment of the ecological state of freshwater, marine and terrestrial ecosystems.
1.2. The journal prints only original scientific works, which have never been published anywhere and do not contain incorrect or excessive borrowings.
1.3. The materials sent must correspond to the subject matter of the journal presented in the following areas:
- Biological resources
1.4. The materials sent must be of scientific novel and fundamental.
1.5. Manuscripts that do not correspond to the scope of the journal or are prepared without regard to the requirements of the journal in terms of their design would not be considered for publication.
2. General requirements for the preparation of articles.
2.1. The submission of materials for publication in the journal is carried out in electronic form at firstname.lastname@example.org. The following materials need to be submitted to the editorial office of the journal:
a) A file with the text of the article in .doc, .docx, .rtf formats.
b) Illustrative material in .tif (LZW compression) or .jpg formats with high quality, with a resolution of at least 300 dpi for photos and 600 dpi for vector drawings. The format of the illustrations should correspond to the journal’s printed area. The horizontal measurement should be 90 mm (for printing on one strip) or 190 mm (for printing the full width of the sheet). Vertical measurement – no more than 280 mm. Illustrations can be given either individually or in a spreadsheet. Names of files with illustrations should include drawing numbers (fig1.tif). Illustrations are published in color in the electronic version of the magazine and in black and white – in print. The number of illustrations per article is not specifically regulated, however, the Editorial Board reserves the right to reject material that has a disproportionately large amount of illustrations. If extensive illustrative material is necessary, it can be published as an online supplement to the article.
c) Tables must be provided in .doc, .docx, .xls, .xlsx formats. File names must include table numbers (table1.doc). The size of the tables should correspond to the printed area of the journal. Tables of a larger format can be published as an online supplement.
d) Additional materials for the article (high-resolution photographs, additional illustrative material, video files, large tables, databases, etc.) can be published on the journal’s website as supplements. Supplements to all articles are published in open access.
e) A scanned copy of the completed license agreement.
Files infected with viruses are not processed and not accepted for publication.
In case the receipt of the manuscript was not confirmed by the Editorial Board within three days, it is necessary to repeat sending the manuscript to the address: email@example.com.
2.2. In exceptional cases it is possible to submit materials in paper form: upon personal submission to the editorial staff or by mail.
2.3. The volume of manuscripts should not exceed 80 000 characters with spaces. The recommended volume of the article to be published is 40 000 characters with spaces.
2.4. Page parameters: 210 x 297 mm (A4 format), portrait orientation. The page margins are all 20 mm. Font is normal, Times New Roman. Font size: 12 points in the main text, 10 points in footnotes. Line spacing: one-and-a-half. Text without automatic hyphenation. Article Title: Bold in the center of the page.
2.5. The manuscript is provided as a single file. The manuscript is conditionally divided into three blocks: the first – includes information about the author, abstract, key words, article text, list of used literature; the second – is entirely in English, includes information about the author, an annotation (optional), keywords (optional), a list of references (References); the third – signatures to illustrations and tables, notes for the translator and other technical information. Each block starts with a new page.
2.6. The names of taxa of generic and species level are given in italics. The first mention of the species requires the author’s indication and the year of description (Tanychora petiolata Townes, 1973; B. bufoL., 1758). Names of the rank of the family and above are not marked and do not require authorship.
2.7. In the text of the article, abbreviations (except for standard ones), if necessary, are explained at the first mention. The international system of SI units is used.
2.8. The decimal point is the point (3.1415). The delimiter of the groups of digits (used at the author’s request) is an indissoluble space (Ctrl + Shift + Space: 101 325). When specifying ranges of values, the numbers are separated by a dash (not to be confused with a hyphen and minus!) without spaces (13–21).
2.9. Do not use spaces or tabs to select a new line (use the paragraph and slider settings on the top ruler in MS Word to do this). Also, do not use a space to create a sparse font (use the Font-Advanced-Interval setting). To insert a new page, use the Insert-Break Page command.
3. Structure and formatting of the text.
3.2. Article title.
3.3. Information about the authors of the article: The author’s full name, academic degree (if any), academic title (if any), position, place of work/study (in full, indicating the address of the organization). One of the authors is assigned as the corresponding author and his/her valid email address is given.
3.4. Abstract of 400–800 printed characters should be informative highlighting the article’s objectives, results, and conclusions.
3.5. Keywords (8–10 words). Keywords should not repeat the words indicated in the title of the work.
3.6. The text of the article. We recommend IMRaD (Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion) structure of the article:
b) Material and methods;
c) The main part (results);
d) Conclusions (discussion of the results).
3.7. Acknowledgments and references to funding sources (grants).
4. Rules for the design of in-text references.
4.1. In-text references are made in accordance to the Harvard reference style 2.
4.2. In-text references are taken in parentheses. They indicate:
a) for articles with one author – (surname of the author, year);
b) with two authors – (authors’ surnames with “and”, year);
c) with three or more authors – (surname of the first author et al., year).
Examples: (Ivanov, 2017); (Ivanov and Petrov, 2017); (Ivanov et al., 2017); ...according to Ivanov (2017)...
4.3. When quoting more than one article in one block:
a) the references are separated by a semicolon (Ivanov, 2017; Petrov, 2017);
b) when specifying several works of one author, his surname does not repeat, and the years of publication are listed comma-separated. If there is one author in the list of works issued in one year, they are supplied with alphabetic indices: a, b, c, etc .;
c) the ordering of references within the block corresponds to that in the list of literature: first – by the author’s name (Russian-speakers in front), then – by the year of publication.
Examples: (Ivanov, 1991, 1992a, b, 2017; Ivanov and Petrov, 1992; Ivanov et al., 2017a, b; Petrov 1991, 1992; Johnson et al., 2017).
5. Rules for formatting the reference list.
5.1. The reference list is made in accordance to Harvard reference style 2.
5.2. References should fully correspond to in-text references.
5.3. The list is grouped alphabetically, at the beginning there are sources in languages with Cyrillic script (Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, etc.), then in foreign languages (links to works in non-Latin script languages are given in English transliteration). First, the list is sorted by the surnames of the first authors, then by the surnames of the co-authors, then by the year of publication. When quoting two or more works published by one author’s team in one year, they are supplied with letter indices (2017a, 2017b, etc.).
5.4. If there is a work published in Russian and foreign languages in the list, a link to the Russian-language publication is provided in the Russian-language block.
5.5. If there is a discrepancy between the electronic and printed version of the cited publication (pages ranges and year of publication may differ), priority should be given to the printed version.
5.6. When specifying references to electronic resources (URL), the date of access to the electronic resource (accessed: 25.11.2017) is indicated.
5.7. The Editorial Board encourages authors to use specialized extensions for text editors (such as Zotero) for easier formatting of reference lists. To avoid incorrect display of links on other devices, before submitting the manuscript to the printer, you must delete the metadata that the program inserts into the text (the Remove field codes command).
5.8. Rules for compilation of bibliographic descriptions.
5.8.1. General rules.
a) The list of refences contains a complete list of authors with surnames and initials. The list of authors is separated by commas. The initials are separated by a comma (Ivanov, I.I., Petrov, P.P., Sidorov, S.S.);
b) The year of publication is indicated after the list of authors, separated from the list of authors by a comma;
c) The names of the journals are given in full, without abbreviations;
d) If available, DOI is indicated at the end of the link. The DOI is formatted as a URL (with the prefix https://doi.org/ added before the DOI code).
5.8.2. The order of bibliographic description of articles from periodicals:
Name of author (authors), Year of publication.Article title.Journal title (fully, italicized) Volume (number), Page range. DOI.
Gagarin, V.G., Gusakov, V.A., 2013. Two species of dorylaimids (Nematoda, Dorylaimida) from the waterbodies of Vietnam.Biology of Inland Waters 3, 9–16. https://doi.org/10.7868/S0320965213030054.
Balen, B., Tkalec, M., Šikić, S., Tolić, S., Cvjetko, P., Pavlica, M., Vidaković-Cifrek, Z., 2011. Biochemical reactions of Lemna minor experimentally exposed to cadmium and zinc. Ecotoxicology 20 (4), 815–826. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10646-011-0633-1.
5.8.3. Book references:
Name of author (authors), Year of publication.Book title.Publishing house, Place of publication, Total number of pages.
Hodek, I., Emden, van, H.F., Honěk, A, 2012.Ecology and Behavior of the Ladybird Beetles (Coccinellidae).John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, UK, 600 p.
5.8.4. Book chapter reference:
Name of author (authors), Year of publication.Title of the chapter. In: Editor (ed.), Title of the book (italic). Publishing house, Place of publication, Range of pages.
Canard, M., 2001.Natural food and feeding habits of lacewings. In: McEven, P., New, T. R., Whittington, A.E. (eds.), Lacewings in the crop environment. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 116–123.
5.8.5. Conference abstracts references:
Name of author (authors), Year of publication.Article title.Abstracts of the conference... (in full, italics). Location, Range of pages.DOI.
Muravyova, A.P., 2011. Development of ecological consciousness.Theses of the reports of the XVIII scientific-practical conference of the Humanitarian-Ecological Institute “Ecology.Human. Society.”. Kiev, Ukraine, 4–5.
5.8.6. PhD thesis and PhD abstract thesis references:
Author’s name, Year of publication.Name.Thesis (thesis abstract) for a scientific degree... (in full, italics). Place of publication, Total number of pages. URL.
Nikolin, O.A., 2008. Tritium in the aquatic ecosystems of the Ural region.Biological sciences PhD thesis abstract.Ekaterinburg, Russia, 21 p.
6. Structure and rules for the design of the English-language block.
6.1. The title of the article in English.
6.2. Information about the authors of the article (similar to information in the Russian-language block). Full name of the author, transliteration (for automatic transliteration it is recommended to use the site http://translit.net/, it is necessary to set the LC standard in the central menu of the site, section “Options...”). Avoid different versions of the transliteration of the authors’ names in different journals!
6.3. Abstract and keywords – translation of relevant sections from the Russian-language block. To avoid errors, authors are advised to compile these sections themselves. Otherwise, it is done by the professional translator of the publication.
6.4. References (bibliography).
7. Formatting the References list.
7.1. The reference list is made completely identical to the reference list in Russian.
7.2. The list is grouped alphabetically. The names of the authors of Russian-language works are given in English transliteration and are arranged on an equal basis with foreign ones.
7.3. If there is a work in the list published in Russian and English, an English-language publication is included in the English-language block.
7.4. The order of registration of references is similar to that in the Russian-language list of references.
7.5. When citing Russian-language works that do not have translated English versions, the title of the work is given in English transliteration and is duplicated by the translation of the title into English in square brackets (Biosfera i Noosfera [Biosphere and Noosphere]). Similarly, the Russian-language names of magazines (Ekologiiacheloveka [Human Ecology]) are made. The names of publishers are given in English transliteration without translation (Nauka). At the end of the link, before the DOI pointer, information about the original language (In Russian) is added in parentheses.
Chebotina, M.Y., Nikolin, O.A., 2004. Tritii v vozdushnoisrede i osadkakhraionaBeloiarskoi AES naUrale [Tritium in air and precipitation in the environment of Beloyarsk NPP, Urals]. Ural’skiigeofizicheskii Vestnik [Urals Geophisical Bulletin] 1 (6), 107–111.(In Russian).
Bashirova, R.M., Maksimov, G.G., Akhmetova, L.A., 2009. Osnovyekotoksikologii [Basics of Ecotoxicology].Bashkir State University, Ufa, Russia, 120 p. (In Russian).
8. Additional information.
8.1. A list of figure captions and table titles are given at the end of the manuscript. Examples of design:
Fig. 1.Skeleton of Microtus arvalis vole: A – the skull; B – thoracic section; C – limbs.
Table 1.Daily activity of the Microtus arvalis vole.
8.2. Notes for the translator. We recommend the author to provide a Russian-English glossary of complex or little-known names and terms.